If you aren't able to use an audio recording app on your iPad for whatever reason and need to resort to using the Camera app to record audio (long story), you will get a bunch of .MOV files.
So I wrote up a script that employs ffmpeg to extract just the audio from each file in a subdirectory, and then combine the separate audio files from that subdirectory into one audio file.
Script here: ExtractCombineMOVtoMP3.py
If you notice in your Windows installation that iTunes audio is coming out of the speakers for iTunes even when you plug in headphones, try this tweak, which should fix the behavior to be the normal expected behavior (no headphones, play through speaker; headphones, play through headphones).
In iTunes, go to Preferences.
Click on the Playback tab.
Under Play audio using, select Direct Sound instead of Windows Audio Session.
Restart iTunes after saving your changes.
Big shout-out to my colleague Jerold Malone for finding this fix.
If you're getting Audio file does not have sufficient access privileges. An overview cannot be saved. when opening up Logic Pro X projects, this is what you have to do:
Go to File > Project Settings > Assets.
Check all the boxes!
Save the project, close it, and then re-open it, and you shouldn't get those error messages any more.
Acknowledgements: Thanks to Atlas007 from the Logic Pro Help forums for the tip.